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The Law Given at Sinai
*** How does Nehemiah
describe the giving of the law at Sinai?
“Thou camest down also upon mount Sinai, and spakest with them
from heaven, and gavest them right judgments, and true laws, good statutes
and commandments: and madest known unto them Thy holy Sabbath, and
commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses.” Nehemiah 9:13, 14.
*** What was the
primary advantage possessed by the Hebrews?
“What advantage then hath the Jew?... chiefly, because that
unto them were committed the oracles of God.” Romans 3:1, 2.
*** Before the law was
given at Sinai, how did Moses render judgment to the people?
“When they have a matter, they come unto me and I judge between
one and another, and I do make them know the statutes of God, and His
laws.” Exodus 18:16.
*** In the wilderness,
before reaching Sinai, how did Moses explain the absence of the manna on
the seventh day?
“He said unto them, This is that which the Lord hath said, Tomorrow
is the rest of the holy Sabbath unto the Lord... Six days ye shall
gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the Sabbath, in it
there shall be none.” Exodus 16:23-26.
*** When some of the
people went out to gather manna on the seventh day, what did the Lord say
“And the Lord said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep My
commandments and My laws?” Verse 28.
*** What additional
evidence do we have that the moral law of Ten Commandments existed before
it was proclaimed at Mount Sinai?
“By one’s disobedience many were made sinners.” Romans 5:19. “Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the
transgression of the law.” 1 John 3:4.
*** How were the Ten
Commandments first presented to the people at Sinai?
“God spake all these words, saying,... Thou shalt have no other
gods before Me.” Exodus 20:1-3.
*** How was it then
written down as a permanent record?NOTE. The law
of God, as well as the knowledge of creation, the plan of redemption, and
the experiences of the early patriarchs, had been handed down from father
to son until this time, but not in written form. He wrote the Ten
Commandments upon two tables of stone with His own finger.
“He gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with
him upon mount Sinai two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written
with the finger of God.” Ex. 31:18.
*** How did Moses show
that the children of Israel had broken their part of the covenant between
them and God?
“It came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he
saw the [golden] calf, and the dancing: and Moses’ anger waxed hot, and he
cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount.” Exodus 32:19.
*** With what exactness
did the Lord write the law the second time?
“He wrote on the tables, according to the first writing, the
ten commandments, which the Lord spake unto you in the mount out of
the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly: and the Lord gave them
unto me.” Deuteronomy 10:4.
*** Where did Moses
place these two tables of stone?
“I... put the tables in the ark which I had made; and
there they be, as the Lord commanded me.” Verse 5.
*** What other law was
also given at this time?NOTE. Besides
the Ten Commandment law, the Lord gave to Moses instruction concerning the
sanctuary service, which was ceremonial, and certain civil laws regulating
the subjects of the nation. These laws were written by Moses in a book,
and are called the law of Moses, whereas the other law was written on
tables of stone with the finger of God.
“When Moses had made an end of writing the words of this law
in a book, until they were finished.” Deut. 31:24.
*** Why did the Lord
call His people out of the land of Egypt?
“He brought forth His people with joy, and His chosen with
gladness:... that they might observe His statutes, and keep His
laws.” Psalm 105:43-45.
*** How were they to
teach the law to their children?
“Thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt
talk of them when thou sit test in thine house, and when thou walkest by
the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up.” Deuteronomy 6:7.
*** What promise to
Israel hinged on their keeping the instructions that He had given them?
“Now therefore, if ye will obey My voice indeed, and keep My
covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people:
for all the earth is Mine: and ye shall be unto Me a kingdom of priests,
and an holy nation.” Exodus 19:5, 6.
*** Was this promise
made to the Jews alone?
“Now the Lord had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country,
and from thy kindred, and from thy father’s house, unto a land that I will
shew thee: and I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee,
and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing: and I will bless
them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all
families of the earth be blessed.” Genesis 12:1-3. If ye be
Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the
promise.” Galatians 3:19.
*** What reveals that
the Ten Commandment law, given at Sinai, is the law for the Christian?
“Whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point,
he is guilty of all, For He that said, Do not commit adultery, said also,
Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art
become a transgressor of the law. So speak ye, and so do, as they that
shall be judged by the law of liberty.” James 2:10-12.
*** What is the wages
“The wages of sin is death.” Romans 6:23. “In
the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.” Genesis 2:17. “The soul that sinneth, it shall die.” Ezekiel 18:4.
*** How did death enter
“Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death
by sin,’ and so death passed upon all men, for that all have
sinned.” Rom. 5:12.
*** God is merciful,
but will His mercy clear the guilty?
“The Lord is long suffering, and of great mercy, forgiving
iniquity and transgression, and by no means clearing the guilty.” Numbers 14:18. (See Exodus 34:5-7.)
*** What is the result
of willfully sinning against God?
“If we sin willfully after
that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no
more sacrifice for sins, but a certain fearful looking for of judgment
and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries. He that
despised Moses’ law died without mercy under two or three
witnesses. Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be
thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath
counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy
thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?” Hebrews 10:26-29.
*** To whom is the
execution of judgment given?
“Vengeance is Mine; I will repay, saith
the Lord.” Romans 12:19. “The Father hath... given to the
Son... authority to execute judgement also.” John 5:26, 27. (See Jude 14-15.)
*** What presumptuous
way of life do many pursue?
“Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore
the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil.”
*** What message has
God sent to men by His appointed messengers?
“Say ye to the righteous, that it shall be well with him: for
they shall eat the fruit of their doings. Woe unto the wicked! it shall
be ill with him. “for the reward of his hands shall be given
him.” Isaiah 3:10, 11. “We are ambassadors for Christ, as
though God did beseech you by us.” 2 Corinthians 5:20. (See 2 Timothy 2:24-26.)
*** How can man escape
the penalty of sin?
“The wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal
life through Jesus Christ our Lord.” Romans 6:23.
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